Medieval London

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  • Tags: tools

MOL Alembic original.jpg
An alembic was an apparatus, usually made of two vessels connected by a tube, which was used for the distillation of various substances, mostly liquids. The word alembic can be used to describe both the entire apparatus and part of the apparatus in…

Ercker assaying 1580.jpg
In this woodcut from Lazarus Ercker's Beschreibung aller furnemisten mineralischen Ertzt vnnd Bergtwercks arten ('Description of the Principle Mineral Ores and Methods of Mining'), published in Frankfurt-am-Main in 1580, one may see how the alembic…

This crucible is made of earthenware ceramic, a type of pottery that is usually twice fired, once to the point of vitrification (making the material slightly porous) and a second time with a glaze to overcome the porosity. It displays the wide rim…

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spectacles museum of london.jpg
This image is of the spectacles on display at the Museum of London. With brown and beige coloring, these bone-framed lenses are most likely from the metacarpal bone of a bull. Although not currently on the spectacles, theses glasses originally had…

Spectacles mini france.jpg
This picture comes from the manuscripts of the British Library. It is a miniature portraying singing monks at the beginning of the “Office of the Dead.” The celebrant in the miniature, wearing the black robe, is wearing spectacles very similar to the…

Mark spectacles .jpg
This picture comes from the manuscripts of the British Library. It is a detailed miniature depicting Mark the evangelist using spectacles to read a book. The spectacles Mark has in the picture are ones that need to be held to use. The miniature is of…

iron anchor (MoL).jpg
This particular anchor was found from the River Thames, at Blackfriars. It was made sometime between the 9th and 11th century. It is dark gray in color, has a broken shank, a crown in which is fitted and pierced with a loose ring, and pointed…

knife- project.jpg
This Knife which is from the fifteenth century, is referred to as the "half-moon" knife because of its shape. This knife is specifically used by craftsmen who work with leather. As recorded in the Museum of London, this knife has a height of 83 mm,…

This is another example of the half-moon knife that was used specifically to cut leather. It is made from iron, and is used in leather work. It is measured as having a height of 120 mm, and a width of 160 mm.

Screen Shot 2015-02-16 at 9.48.11 PM.png
In this image, it shows a shoemaker working with the half-moon knife. In the first portion, it shows the shoemaker in action using it to cut the leather that will be used for the shoes.
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